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Hand saws are small hand-held tools that are used to cut through softer materials. They can be powered or operated manually. Cutting with a strong, serrated blade or a wire with an abrasive edge is how they do it. Depending on how and what they cut, hand saws come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Handsaws have a lower TPI and thus provide a less-than-smooth finish. Their large blade, on the other hand, makes them unsuitable for making smaller, more delicate cuts, as well as cutting curves or intricate patterns. They’ll need a lot more work and physical exertion.
They can be used for a variety of tasks, including rough cutting wood and logs, making precise curved cuts in wood, professional merchants, and even at home and in the yard. They are commonly used to cut chipboard, hardwood, softwood, plywood, and MDF, among other materials, and choosing the right saw for the job is critical to achieving the desired result.
Benefits of Hand Saw
- Portability: One of the most significant benefits of using a handsaw is its portability. If you only have a small amount of storage space for your tools, a handsaw can easily fit in there.
- Power concerns: A handsaw can be used anywhere and at any time to complete a task. You don’t have to be concerned about power sources or batteries.
- Detailed control: In terms of cutting accuracy, hand saws outperform other types of saws. They allow users to choose between looking at the indicated line and following it. Cutting the wood takes time, but the end result is precise.
- Safety: Users are kept as safe as possible with the handsaw. The user controls the cutting power. As a result, if your teeth fall out, you will immediately stop moving them to tend to the damage.
- Affordable: When it comes to purchasing a product, price is an important factor to consider. In comparison to other saws, handsaws are the most cost-effective option for woodworkers.
Limitations of Hand Saw
- The time it takes to complete simple tasks with hand tools is their main disadvantage.
- They necessitate a lot more physical effort and exertion.
- Using a handsaw necessitates more knowledge and time.
Wide range of Application
In many workplaces, a simple hand saw is a must-have tool when cutting fiberglass, drywall, or wood. It’s ideal for woodworking and chopping large pieces of wood. Chipboard, hardwood, softwood, plywood, and MDF are all common materials cut with this saw.
How to cut a 45 degree Angle with a Hand Saw?
If you’re building one from scratch, use a combination square to measure a 45-degree angle on the top edges of the two boards that make up the box’s sides. Use a pencil to draw lines on both boards and a handsaw to cut them through. Cut to the bottom of the box with the cut line. Using the same technique, make a 45-degree angle that splays the other way.
With the bottom edge of the crown molding facing up, insert it into the box. Cut the end at a 45-degree angle while holding it against the bottom and side of the box in the same way it fits against the wall and ceiling. The longer edge of the piece you’ll use should be the top edge, which will be facing down in the box.
Remove the saw from the first set of notches and place it in the second set, splayed in the opposite direction. Place the matching trim piece in the box with the bottom edge facing up. Cut the end while holding it against the bottom and side of the box.
In the same way, mitre the outside corners. The difference is that the bottom edge of the piece you’re cutting is longer than the top edge, which is facing up in the box.
If the inside corners of the crown molding aren’t square, use a hand saw to fit it in. Begin by cutting a 90-degree angle in one piece of molding and nailing it in place flush against the wall.
In the mitre box, cut a 45-degree angle on the end of the matching piece. Trace the molding’s contour on the mitered edge with a spare piece of trim, and then cut along the lines with a hand saw. Fine-tune the edge by sanding it with a 120-grit sandpaper-wrapped dowel until it fits snugly in place.
- Having a good grip: Extend your forefinger and the saw’s handle together for extra stability. By doing so, you’re aligning the blade with the cut line. A firm grip is required to control a saw and produce precise slices. Choose a tool handle that is the right size for your hand; a tool handle that is too big will reduce force and precision.
- Secure your work: Secure the material to a stable workstation or sawhorse before cutting to avoid mishaps.
- Sharpen and clean blades: Cuts are better when tools are clean. Keep your saws away from wet glue, dirt, and water to prevent rusting and corrosion. Sharpening the teeth as needed for a clean cut is also a good idea.
- Use 2×4: If a straight cut with a designated line is impossible, clamp a 2×4 adjacent to the starting point to serve as a square cut guide.
- Do not put excess pressure: You don’t want to put your weight into the saw or bear down at an awkward angle because this will increase the amount of work you have to do and compromise the blade’s accuracy.
To put it another way, learning how to use a handsaw is simple, but you must be proficient before you can use it. To master that skill, you’ll need a lot of practice. Chopping any scrap of wood you come across is a good idea. As a result, you will gain more experience and mastery of your handsaw.
Related: How to use a plunge Saw?
For aggressive cuts, a steeper angle is better; for fine cutting, a lower angle is better. The blade should be aligned with the wrist, arm, and shoulder. To prevent the saw blade from tilting to the side, keep your elbow close to your body.
The saw’s handle, especially if it’s wooden, should be oiled regularly. To prevent moisture and dirt build-up, apply some boiled linseed oil to the area. Additionally, if the part attached to the blade shows signs of rust remove the handle and clean out the slot.